The main differences between Cognac and Armagnac 

Climate :

The armagnac climate is more sunnier , the cognac ones is more oceanic and humid.

The soil :

Sandy and clay rich in iron in Armagnac that gives a distinctive richness to the product and a  chalky soil in Cognac area.

Grape varieties :

Four grape varieties for the armagnac that gives an inimitable complexity to the blend ; only two for the cognac.

Oak :

Armagnac is aged in black oak from the Monlezun forest, Cognac in oak from Limousin region.

Distillation :

The distillation process is the  main difference between the two spirits : Single and continuous distillation for Armagnac that gives more fragrance and flavors, double distillation for the Cognac with a high Alcohol concentration at the end. The degree difference is showed at first time.



Vintages :

They remain specific to Armagnac with an excellent tracability of the stocks. For example 1978 indicates that the Armagnac has been distilled in 1978 that means the exact year of the crop. Vintages remain rare in Cognac , they are not usual. Furthermore the bottling date used in Armagnac allow to know exactly the true age of the Armagnac.

The majority of the Cognac business is industry, the Armagnac’s one remains a hand-crafted production.

Nevertheless, the rules concerning the labels remain the same in the Armagnac and Cognac areas , the VSOP quality must be aged during 4 years minimum in oak cask and the XO quality 6 years minimum.

The market

5.15 million , is the number of bottles of Armagnac sold worldwide in 2013 against 175 million for Cognac .
For 1 Armagnac bottle purchased it sells 35 of Cognac.

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